Some operating systems or software package vendors may provide ready-to-use, pre-built software packages for Kea. Installing a pre-built package means you do not need to install the software required only to build Kea and do not need to make the software.
3.2. Installation Hierarchy¶
The following is the directory layout of the complete Kea installation. (All directory paths are relative to the installation directory):
etc/kea/— configuration files.
include/— C++ development header files.
lib/kea/hooks— additional hooks libraries.
sbin/— server software and commands used by the system administrator.
share/kea/— configuration specifications and examples.
share/doc/kea/— this guide, other supplementary documentation, and examples.
share/man/— manual pages (online documentation).
var/lib/kea/— server identification, and lease databases files.
var/log/- log files.
var/run/kea- pid and logger lock files.
3.3. Build Requirements¶
In addition to the run-time requirements (listed in Required Software at Run-Time), building Kea from source code requires various development include headers and program development tools.
Some operating systems have split their distribution packages into a run-time and a development package. You will need to install the development package versions, which include header files and libraries, to build Kea from the source code.
Building from source code requires the following software installed on the system:
- Boost C++ libraries (https://www.boost.org/). The oldest Boost version used for testing is 1.57 (although it may also work with older versions). The Boost system library must also be installed. Installing a header-only version of Boost is no longer recommended.
- OpenSSL (at least version 1.0.1) or Botan (at least version 1.9). Note that OpenSSL version 1.0.2 or 1.1.0 or later and Botan version 2 or later are strongly recommended.
- log4cplus (at least version 1.0.3) development include headers.
- A C++ compiler (with C++11 support) and standard development headers. The Kea build has been checked with GCC g++ 4.8.5 and some later versions, and Clang 800.0.38 and some later versions.
- The development tools automake, libtool, and pkg-config.
- The MySQL client and the client development libraries, when using the –with-mysql configuration flag to build the Kea MySQL database backend. In this case, an instance of the MySQL server running locally or on a machine reachable over a network is required. Note that running the unit tests requires a local MySQL server.
- The PostgreSQL client and the client development libraries, when using the –with-pgsql configuration flag to build the Kea PostgreSQL database backend. In this case an instance of the PostgreSQL server running locally or on some other machine, reachable over the network from the machine running Kea, is required. Note that running the unit tests requires a local PostgreSQL server.
- The cpp-driver from DataStax is needed when using the –with-cql configuration flag to build Kea with the Cassandra database backend. In this case, an instance of the Cassandra server running locally or on some other machine, reachable over the network from the machine running Kea, is required. Note that running the unit tests requires a local Cassandra server.
- The FreeRADIUS client library is required to connect to a RADIUS server. (This is specified using the –with-freeradius configuration switch.)
- Sysrepo (version 0.7.6 or later) and libyang (version 0.16-r2 or later) are needed to connect to a Sysrepo database. (This is specified using the –with-sysrepo switch when running “configure”.)
- googletest (version 1.8 or later) is required when using the –with-gtest configuration option to build the unit tests.
- The documentation generation tools Sphinx, texlive with its extensions and Doxygen, if using the –enable-generate-docs configuration option to create the documentation. Particularly, in case of Fedora: python3-sphinx, texlive and texlive-collection-latexextra; in case of Ubuntu: python3-sphinx, python3-sphinx-rtd-theme and texlive???
Visit ISC’s Knowledgebase at https://kb.isc.org/docs/installing-kea for system-specific installation tips.
3.4. Installation from Source¶
Although Kea may be available in pre-compiled, ready-to-use packages from operating system vendors, it is open source software written in C++. As such, it is freely available in source code form from ISC as a downloadable tar file. The source code can also be obtained from the Kea Gitlab repository at https://gitlab.isc.org/isc-projects/kea. This section describes how to build Kea from the source code.
3.4.1. Download Tar File¶
The Kea release tarballs may be downloaded from: http://ftp.isc.org/isc/kea/ (using FTP or HTTP).
3.4.2. Retrieve from Git¶
Downloading this “bleeding edge” code is recommended only for developers or advanced users. Using development code in a production environment is not recommended.
When building from source code retrieved via git, additional software will be required: automake (v1.11 or later), libtoolize, and autoconf (v2.69 or later). These may need to be installed.
The latest development code is available on GitLab (see https://gitlab.isc.org/isc-projects/kea). The Kea source is public and development is done in the “master” branch.
The code can be checked out from
$ git clone https://gitlab.isc.org/isc-projects/kea.git
The code checked out from the git repository does not include the
generated configure script, the Makefile.in files, nor their related build
files. They can be created by running
autoreconf with the
--install switch. This will run
automake, and related commands.
Write access to the Kea repository is only granted to ISC staff. If you are a developer planning to contribute to Kea, please check our Contributor’s Guide. The Kea Developer’s Guide contains more information about the process, as well as describes the requirements for contributed code to be accepted by ISC.
3.4.3. Configure Before the Build¶
Kea uses the GNU Build System to discover build environment details. To generate the makefiles using the defaults, simply run:
./configure with the
--help switch to view the different
options. Some commonly used options are:
|--prefix||Define the installation location (the default is |
|--with-mysql||Build Kea with code to allow it to store leases and host reservations in a MySQL database.|
|--with-pgsql||Build Kea with code to allow it to store leases and host reservations in a PostgreSQL database.|
|--with-cql||Build Kea with code to allow it to store leases and host reservations in a Cassandra (CQL) database.|
|Define the path to find the Log4cplus headers and libraries. Normally this is not necessary.|
|Define the path to find the Boost headers. Normally this is not necessary.|
|Specify the path to the botan-config script to build with Botan for cryptographic functions. It is preferable to use OpenSSL (see below).|
|--with-openssl||Replace Botan by the OpenSSL the cryptographic library. By default
|--enable-shell||Build the optional |
|Only useful when |
|Build the optional |
--runstatedir in the installation directories is particular.
There are three cases:
- You use autoconf 2.70 or greater which supports this, but this autoconf version has not been released yet.
- You use autoconf 2.69 patched to add support of this. In this case and the previous simply use when needed the``–runstatedir`` configure parameter.
- There is no support (the configure parameter is not recognized and configure
directly raises an error). For autoconf 2.69 the
runstatedirenvironment variable is supported so simply remove the
runstatedirin the configure script call, e.g.:
./configure runstatedir=/opt/run ...
For instructions concerning the installation and configuration of database backends for Kea, see DHCP Database Installation and Configuration.
There are also many additional options that are typically not necessary for regular users. However, they may be useful for package maintainers, developers, or people who want to extend Kea code or send patches:
|Enable the building of the C++ Unit Tests using the Google Test framework. This option specifies the path to the gtest source. (If the framework is not installed on your system, it can be downloaded from https://github.com/google/googletest.)|
Enable the rebuilding Kea documentation. ISC publishes Kea documentation for each release; however, in some cases you may want to rebuild it. For example, if you want to change something in the docs, or want to generate new ones from git sources that are not released yet. The build procedure uses the xsltproc tool with the nonet argument which disables fetching missing sources, e.g docbook.xsl, from the Internet. If you want to use the Internet anyway, please set the XSLTPROC_NET environment variable in configure to any non-empty value, e.g.
$ ./configure XSLTPROC_NET=yes --enable-generate-docs
|Many Kea components have parsers implemented using flex (.ll files) and bison (.yy files). Kea sources have C++/h files generated out from them. By default Kea does not use flex or bison to avoid requiring installation of unnecessary dependencies for users. However, if you change anything in the parses (such as adding a new parameter), you will need to use flex and bison to regenerate parsers. This option lets you do that.|
|Enable the regeneration of messages files from their messages source files, e.g. regenerate xxx_messages.h and xxx_messages.cc from xxx_messages.mes using the Kea message compiler. By default Kea is built using these .h and .cc files from the distribution. However, if you change anything in a .mes file (such as adding a new message), you will need to build and use the Kea message compiler. This option lets you do that.|
|Enable the building of the database backend benchmarks using the Google Benchmark framework. This option specifies the path to the gtest source. (If the framework is not installed on your system, it can be downloaded from https://github.com/google/benchmark.) This support is experimental.|
For example, the following command configures Kea to find the Boost headers in /usr/pkg/include, specifies that PostgreSQL support should be enabled, and sets the installation location to /opt/kea:
$ ./configure \ --with-boost-include=/usr/pkg/include \ --with-pgsql=/usr/local/bin/pg_config \ --prefix=/opt/kea
If you have any problems with building Kea using the header-only Boost code, or you’d like to use the Boost system library (assumed for the sake of this example to be located in /usr/pkg/lib):
$ ./configure \ --with-boost-libs=-lboost_system \ --with-boost-lib-dir=/usr/pkg/lib
configure fails, it may be due to missing or old dependencies.
configure succeeds, it displays a report with the parameters used
to build the code. This report is saved into the file
and is also embedded into the executable binaries, e.g.,
After the configure step is complete, build the executables from the C++ code and prepare the Python scripts by running the command:
To install the Kea executables, support files, and documentation, issue the command:
$ make install
Do not use any form of parallel or job server options (such as GNU
-j option) when performing this step; doing so may cause
The install step may require superuser privileges.
If required, run
ldconfig as root with
/usr/local/lib (or with
prefix/lib if configured with –prefix) in
/etc/ld.so.conf (or the
relevant linker cache configuration file for your OS):
If you do not run
ldconfig where it is required, you may see
errors like the following:
program: error while loading shared libraries: libkea-something.so.1: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory
3.5. DHCP Database Installation and Configuration¶
Kea stores its leases in a lease database. The software has been written in a way that makes it possible to choose which database product should be used to store the lease information. Kea supports four database backends: MySQL, PostgreSQL, Cassandra, and memfile. To limit external dependencies, MySQL, PostgreSQL, and Cassandra support are disabled by default and only memfile is available. Support for the optional external database backend must be explicitly included when Kea is built. This section covers the building of Kea with one of the optional backends and the creation of the lease database.
When unit tests are built with Kea (i.e. the –with-gtest configuration option is specified), the databases must be manually pre-configured for the unit tests to run. The details of this configuration can be found in the Kea Developer’s Guide.
3.5.1. Building with MySQL Support¶
Install MySQL according to the instructions for your system. The client development libraries must be installed.
Build and install Kea as described in Installation, with the following modification. To enable the MySQL database code, at the “configure” step (see Configure Before the Build), the –with-mysql switch should be specified:
$ ./configure [other-options] --with-mysql
If MySQL was not installed in the default location, the location of the MySQL configuration program “mysql_config” should be included with the switch, i.e.
$ ./configure [other-options] --with-mysql=path-to-mysql_config
See First-Time Creation of the MySQL Database for details regarding MySQL database configuration.
3.5.2. Building with PostgreSQL support¶
Install PostgreSQL according to the instructions for your system. The client development libraries must be installed. Client development libraries are often packaged as “libpq”.
Build and install Kea as described in Installation, with the following modification. To enable the PostgreSQL database code, at the “configure” step (see Configure Before the Build), the –with-pgsql switch should be specified:
$ ./configure [other-options] --with-pgsql
If PostgreSQL was not installed in the default location, the location of the PostgreSQL configuration program “pg_config” should be included with the switch, i.e.
$ ./configure [other-options] --with-pgsql=path-to-pg_config
See First-Time Creation of the PostgreSQL Database for details regarding PostgreSQL database configuration.
3.5.3. Building with CQL (Cassandra) Support¶
Install Cassandra according to the instructions for your system. The Cassandra project website contains useful pointers: https://cassandra.apache.org.
If you have a cpp-driver package available as binary or as source, simply install or build and install the package. Then build and install Kea as described in Installation. To enable the Cassandra (CQL) database code, at the “configure” step (see Configure Before the Build), enter:
$ ./configure [other-options] --with-cql=path-to-pkg-config
pkg-config is at its standard location (and thus in the
shell path) you do not need to supply its path. If it does not work
(e.g. no pkg-config, package not available in pkg-config with the
cassandra name), you can still use the
cql_config script in tools/
as described below.
Download and compile cpp-driver from DataStax. For details regarding dependencies for building cpp-driver, see the project homepage https://github.com/datastax/cpp-driver. In June 2016, the following commands were used:
$ git clone https://github.com/datastax/cpp-driver $ cd cpp-driver $ mkdir build $ cd build $ cmake .. $ make
As of January 2019, cpp-driver does not include cql_config script. Work is in progress to contribute such a script to the cpp-driver project but, until that is complete, intermediate steps need to be conducted. A cql_config script is present in the tools/ directory of the Kea sources. Before using it, please create a cql_config_defines.sh file in the same directory (there is an example available in cql_config_define.sh.sample; you may copy it over to cql_config_defines.sh and edit the path specified in it) and change the environment variable CPP_DRIVER_PATH to point to the directory where the cpp-driver sources are located. Make sure that appropriate access rights are set on this file. It should be executable by the system user building Kea.
Build and install Kea as described in Installation, with the following modification. To enable the Cassandra (CQL) database code, at the “configure” step (see Configure Before the Build), enter:
$ ./configure [other-options] --with-cql=path-to-cql_config
3.6. Hammer Building Tool¶
An optional building tool called Hammer was introduced with Kea 1.6.0. It is a Python 3 script that lets users automate tasks related to building Kea, such as setting up virtual machines, installing Kea dependencies, compiling Kea with various options, running unit-tests and more. This tool was created primarily for internal QA purposes at ISC and it is not included in the Kea distribution. However, it is available in the Kea git repository. This tool was developed primarily for internal purposes and ISC cannot guarantee its proper operation. If you decide to use it, please do so with care.
Use of this tool is completely optional. Everything it does can be done manually.
The first-time user is strongly encouraged to look at Hammer’s built-in help:
$ ./hammer.py --help
It will list available parameters.
Hammer is able to set up various operating systems running either in LXC
or in VirtualBox. To list of supported systems, use the
$ ./hammer.py supported-systems fedora: - 27: lxc, virtualbox - 28: lxc, virtualbox - 29: lxc, virtualbox centos: - 7: lxc, virtualbox rhel: - 8: virtualbox ubuntu: - 16.04: lxc, virtualbox - 18.04: lxc, virtualbox - 18.10: lxc, virtualbox debian: - 8: lxc, virtualbox - 9: lxc, virtualbox freebsd: - 11.2: virtualbox - 12.0: virtualbox
It is also possible to run the build locally, in the current system (if the OS is supported).
First, you must install the Hammer dependencies: Vagrant and either VirtualBox or LXC. To make life easier, Hammer can install Vagrant and the required Vagrant plugins using the command:
$ ./hammer.py ensure-hammer-deps
VirtualBox and LXC need to be installed manually.
The basic functions provided by Hammer are to prepare the build environment and perform the actual build, and to run the unit tests locally in the current system. This can be achieved by running the command:
$ ./hammer.py build -p local
The scope of the process can be defined using –with (-w) and –without (-x) options. By default the build command will build Kea with documentation, install it locally, and run unit tests.
To exclude the installation and generation of docs, type:
$ ./hammer.py build -p local -x install docs
The basic scope can be extended by: mysql, pgsql, cql, native-pkg, radius, shell, and forge.
To build Kea locally, Hammer dependencies like Vagrant are not needed.
Hammer can be told to set up a new virtual machine with a specified operating system, without the build:
$ ./hammer.py prepare-system -p virtualbox -s freebsd -r 12.0
This way we can prepare a system for our own use. To get to such a system using SSH, invoke:
$ ./hammer.py ssh -p virtualbox -s freebsd -r 12.0
It is possible to speed up subsequent Hammer builds. To achieve this Hammer employs ccache. During compilation, ccache stores objects in a shared folder. In subsequent runs, instead of doing an actual compilation, ccache returns the stored earlier objects. The cache with these objects for reuse needs to be stored outside of VM or LXC. To indicate the folder, you must indicate the –ccache-dir parameter for Hammer. In the indicated folder, there are separate stored objects for each target operating system.
$ ./hammer.py build -p lxc -s ubuntu -r 18.04 --ccache-dir ~/kea-ccache
ccache is currently only supported for LXC in Hammer; support for VirtualBox may be added later.
For more information check:
$ ./hammer.py --help