# 21. YANG/NETCONF Support¶

## 21.1. Overview¶

Kea 1.5.0 introduced optional support for a YANG/NETCONF interface with the new kea-netconf NETCONF agent.

This bare-bones documentation is a work in progress. Its current purpose is to let engineers joining the project or perhaps advanced early adopters to get up to speed quickly.

## 21.2. Installing NETCONF¶

Note that to get its NETCONF capabilities, Kea uses Sysrepo, which has many dependencies. Unfortunately, some of them are not available as packages and need to be compiled manually.

Please note that building libyang requires a minimum gcc version of at least 4.9, so on some environments - like CentOS 7.5 - the system compiler cannot be used.

The following sections provide installation instructions for Ubuntu 18.04 and CentOS 7.5. Due to a more modern compiler and many available packages, the installation procedure is much simpler on Ubuntu.

### 21.2.1. Installing NETCONF on Ubuntu 18.04¶

For detailed installation instructions, see the Ubuntu installation notes page.

### 21.2.2. Installing NETCONF on CentOS 7.5¶

For detailed installation instructions, see the CentOS installation notes page.

CentOS 7.5’s gcc compiler (version 4.8.5) is very old. Some Sysrepo dependencies require at least version 4.9, which unfortunately means that a new compiler has to be installed. Also, many of the Sysrepo dependencies are not avalable in CentOS as packages, so for the time being they must be installed from sources.

## 21.3. Quick Sysrepo Overview¶

This section offers a rather brief overview of a subset of available functions in Sysrepo. For more complete information, see the Sysrepo homepage.

In YANG, configurations and state data are described in the YANG syntax in module files named: "module-name"[@"revision"].yang

The revision part is optional and has YYYY-MM-DD format. An alternate XML syntax YIN is defined but less user-friendly. Top-level modules are named in Kea models (a short version of schema models).

To list the currently installed YANG modules:

$sysrepoctl -l  After installation the result should be similar to this: Sysrepo schema directory: /home/thomson/devel/sysrepo-0.7.6/build/repository/yang/ Sysrepo data directory: /home/thomson/devel/sysrepo-0.7.6/build/repository/data/ (Do not alter contents of these directories manually) Module Name | Revision | Conformance | Data Owner | Permissions ---------------------------------------------------------------------- ietf-netconf- | 2012-02-06 | Installed | root:root | 666 -notifications | | | | ietf-netconf | 2011-06-01 | Imported | | ietf-netconf-acm | 2012-02-22 | Imported | | nc-notifications | 2008-07-14 | Installed | root:root | 666 notifications | 2008-07-14 | Installed | root:root | 666 turing-machine | 2013-12-27 | Installed | root:root | 666 iana-if-type | 2014-05-08 | Installed | | ietf-interfaces | 2014-05-08 | Installed | root:root | 666 ietf-ip | 2014-06-16 | Installed | |  There are two major modules that Kea is able to support: kea-dhcp4-server and kea-dhcp6-server. Note that while there is an active effort in the DHC working group at IETF to develop a DHCPv6 YANG model, a similar initiative in the past for DHCPv4 failed. Therefore, Kea uses its own dedicated models for DHCPv4 and DHCPv6 but partially supports the IETF model for DHCPv6. Those three models have extra modules as dependencies. The dependency modules are also provided in src/share/yang/modules in sources and in share/kea/yang/modules after installation. To install modules from sources, do the following: $ cd src/share/yang/modules
$sudo sysrepoctl -i -s /home/thomson/devel/sysrepo-0.7.6/build/repository/yang -s . -g ietf-dhcpv6-server*.yang$ sudo sysrepoctl -i -s /home/thomson/devel/sysrepo-0.7.6/build/repository/yang -s . -g kea-dhcp4-server*.yang
$sudo sysrepoctl -i -s /home/thomson/devel/sysrepo-0.7.6/build/repository/yang -s . -g kea-dhcp6-server*.yang ...  Note that the first -s parameter specifies the location of the YANG schema repository; it can be verified with sysrepoctl -l. This is a parameter that is configured during Sysrepo compilation and is detected by the Kea configuration under the SYSREPO_REPO name. The installation should look similar to the following: $ sudo sysrepoctl -i -s /home/thomson/devel/sysrepo-0.7.6/build/repository/yang -s . -g ietf-dhcpv6-server*.yang
Installing a new module from file 'ietf-dhcpv6-server@2018-11-20.yang'...
Installing the YANG file to '/home/thomson/devel/sysrepo-0.7.6/build/repository/yang/ietf-dhcpv6-server@2018-07-14.yang'...
Resolving dependency: 'ietf-dhcpv6-server' imports 'ietf-dhcpv6-options'...
Installing the YANG file to '/home/thomson/devel/sysrepo-0.7.6/build/repository/yang/ietf-dhcpv6-options@2018-07-14.yang'...
Resolving dependency: 'ietf-dhcpv6-options' imports 'ietf-dhcpv6-types'...
Installing the YANG file to '/home/thomson/devel/sysrepo-0.7.6/build/repository/yang/ietf-dhcpv6-types@2018-07-14.yang'...
Resolving dependency: 'ietf-dhcpv6-server' imports 'ietf-dhcpv6-types'...
Installing the YANG file to '/home/thomson/devel/sysrepo-0.7.6/build/repository/yang/ietf-dhcpv6-types@2018-07-14.yang'...
Resolving dependency: 'ietf-dhcpv6-server' imports 'ietf-interfaces'...
Schema of the module ietf-interfaces is already installed, skipping...
Installing data files for module 'ietf-dhcpv6-server'...
Resolving dependency: 'ietf-dhcpv6-server' imports 'ietf-dhcpv6-options'...
Skipping installation of data files for module 'ietf-dhcpv6-options'...
Resolving dependency: 'ietf-dhcpv6-options' imports 'ietf-dhcpv6-types'...
Skipping installation of data files for module 'ietf-dhcpv6-types'...
Resolving dependency: 'ietf-dhcpv6-server' imports 'ietf-dhcpv6-types'...
Skipping installation of data files for module 'ietf-dhcpv6-types'...
Resolving dependency: 'ietf-dhcpv6-server' imports 'ietf-interfaces'...
Installing data files for module 'ietf-interfaces'...
Install operation completed successfully.


It is possible to confirm whether the models are imported correctly by using sysrepoctl -l:

\$ sysrepoctl -l
Sysrepo schema directory: /home/thomson/devel/sysrepo-0.7.6/build/repository/yang/
Sysrepo data directory:   /home/thomson/devel/sysrepo-0.7.6/build/repository/data/
(Do not alter contents of these directories manually)

Module Name                | Revision   | Conformance | Data Owner          | Permissions
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ietf-netconf-notifications | 2012-02-06 | Installed   | root:root           | 666
ietf-netconf               | 2011-06-01 | Imported    |                     |
ietf-netconf-acm           | 2012-02-22 | Imported    |                     |
nc-notifications           | 2008-07-14 | Installed   | root:root           | 666
notifications              | 2008-07-14 | Installed   | root:root           | 666
turing-machine             | 2013-12-27 | Installed   | root:root           | 666
iana-if-type               | 2014-05-08 | Installed   |                     |
ietf-interfaces            | 2014-05-08 | Installed   | root:root           | 666
ietf-ip                    | 2014-06-16 | Installed   |                     |
kea-dhcp4-server           | 2018-11-20 | Installed   | root:root           | 666
kea-dhcp6-server           | 2018-11-20 | Installed   | root:root           | 666
ietf-dhcpv6-server         | 2018-09-04 | Installed   | root:root           | 666
ietf-dhcpv6-options        | 2018-09-04 | Imported    |                     |
ietf-dhcpv6-types          | 2018-01-30 | Imported    |                     |


To install a new revision of a module it must first be uninstalled, e.g. by:

sudo sysrepoctl -u -m kea-dhcp4-server


If the module is used (i.e. imported) by other modules, it can be uninstalled only after those modules have finished using it. Installation and uninstallation must be done in dependency order and reverse-dependency order accordingly.

## 21.4. Supported YANG Models¶

The only currently supported models are kea-dhcp4-server and kea-dhcp6-server. There is partial support for ietf-dhcpv6-server, but the primary focus of testing has been on Kea DHCP servers. Several other models (kea-dhcp-ddns and kea-ctrl-agent) are currently not supported.

## 21.5. Using the NETCONF Agent¶

The NETCONF agent follows this algorithm:

• For each managed server, get the initial configuration from the server through the control socket.
• Open a connection with the Sysrepo environment and establish two sessions with the startup and running datastores.
• Check that used (not essential) and required (essential) modules are installed in the Sysrepo repository at the right revision. If an essential module - that is, a module where the configuration schema for a managed server is defined - is not installed, raise a fatal error.
• For each managed server, get the YANG configuration from the startup datastore, translate it to JSON, and load it onto the server being configured.
• For each managed server, subscribe a module change callback using its model name.
• When a running configuration is changed, try to validate or load the updated configuration via the callback to the managed server.

## 21.6. Configuration¶

The behavior described in Using the NETCONF Agent is controlled by a few configuration flags, which can be set in the global scope or in a specific managed-server scope. In the second case, the value defined in the managed-server scope takes precedence. These flags are:

• boot-update - controls the initial configuration phase; when true (the default), the initial configuration retrieved from the classic Kea server JSON configuration file is loaded first, and then the startup YANG model is loaded. This setting lets administrators define a control socket in the local JSON file and then download the configuration from YANG. When set to false, this phase is skipped.
• subscribe-changes - controls the module change subscription; when true (the default), a module change callback is subscribed, but when false the phase is skipped and running configuration updates are disabled. When set to true, the running datastore is used to subscribe for changes.
• validate-changes - controls how Kea monitors changes in the Sysrepo configuration. Sysrepo offers two stages where Kea can interact: validation and application. At the validation (or SR_EV_VERIFY event, in the Sysrepo naming convention) stage, Kea retrieves the newly committed configuration and verifies it. If the configuration is incorrect for any reason, the Kea servers reject it and the error is propagated back to the Sysrepo, which then returns an error. This step only takes place if validate-changes is set to true. In the application (or SR_EV_APPLY event in the Sysrepo naming convention) stage, the actual configuration is applied. At this stage Kea can receive the configuration, but it is too late to signal back any errors as the configuration has already been committed.

The idea behind the initial configuration phase is to boot Kea servers with a minimal configuration which includes only a control socket, making them manageable. For instance, for the DHCPv4 server:

{
"Dhcp4": {
"control-socket": {
"socket-type": "unix",
"socket-name": "/tmp/kea4-sock"
}
}
}


Note the alternative to boot with full configurations does not allow easy tracking of changes or synchronization between the JSON and YANG configuration sources; therefore, that setup is not really compatible with the YANG/NETCONF configuration management paradigm, where everything should be performed in YANG.

With module change subscriptions enabled, the kea-netconf daemon will monitor any configuration changes as they appear in the Sysrepo. Such changes can be done using the sysrepocfg tool or remotely using any NETCONF client. For details, please see the Sysrepo documentation or A Step-by-Step NETCONF Agent Operation Example. Those tools can be used to modify YANG configurations in the running datastore. Note that committed configurations are only updated in the running datastore; to keep them between server reboots they must be copied to the startup datastore.

When module changes are tracked (using subscribe-changes set to true) and the running configuration has changed (e.g. using sysrepocfg or any NETCONF client), the callback validates the modified configuration (if validate-changes was not set to false) and runs a second time to apply the new configuration. If the validation fails, the callback is still called again but with an ABORT (vs. APPLY) event with rollback changes.

The returned code of the callback on an APPLY event is ignored, as it is too late to refuse a bad configuration.

There are four ways in which a modified YANG configuration could possibly be incorrect:

1. It can be non-compliant with the schema, e.g. an unknown entry, missing a mandatory entry, a value with a bad type, or not matching a constraint.
2. It can fail to be translated from YANG to JSON, e.g. an invalid user context.
3. It can fail Kea server sanity checks, e.g. an out-of-subnet-pool range or an unsupported database type.
4. The syntax may be correct and pass server sanity checks but the configuration fails to run, e.g. the configuration specifies database credentials but the database refuses the connection.

The first case is handled by Sysrepo. The second and third cases are handled by kea-netconf in the validation phase (if not disabled by setting validate-changes to true). The last case causes the application phase to fail without a sensible report to Sysrepo.

The managed Kea servers or agents are described in the managed-servers section. Each sub-section begins by the service name: dhcp4, dhcp6, d2 (the DHCP-DDNS server does not support the control channel feature yet), and ca (the control agent).

Each managed server entry contains optionally:

• boot-update, subscribe-changes, and validate-changes - control flags.
• model - specifies the YANG model / module name. For each service, the default is the corresponding Kea YANG model, e.g. for "dhcp4" it is "kea-dhcp4-server".
• control-socket - specifies the control socket for managing the service configuration.

A control socket is specified by:

• socket-type - the socket type is either stdout, unix, or http. stdout is the default; it is not really a socket, but it allows kea-netconf to run in debugging mode where everything is printed on stdout, and it can also be used to redirect commands easily. unix is the standard direct server control channel, which uses UNIX sockets, and http uses a control agent, which accepts HTTP connections.
• socket-name - the local socket name for the unix socket type (default empty string).
• socket-url - the HTTP URL for the http socket type (default http://127.0.0.1:8000/).

User contexts can store arbitrary data as long as they are in valid JSON syntax and their top-level element is a map (i.e. the data must be enclosed in curly brackets). They are accepted at the NETCONF entry, i.e. below the top-level, managed-service entry, and control-socket entry scopes.

Hooks libraries can be loaded by the NETCONF agent just as with other servers or agents; however, currently no hook points are defined. The hooks-libraries list contains the list of hooks libraries that should be loaded by kea-netconf, along with their configuration information specified with parameters.

Please consult Logging for details on how to configure logging. The NETCONF agent’s root logger’s name is kea-netconf, as given in the example above.

## 21.7. A kea-netconf Configuration Example¶

The following example demonstrates the basic NETCONF configuration. More examples are available in the doc/examples/netconf directory in the Kea sources.

# This is a simple example of a configuration for the NETCONF agent.
# This server provides a YANG interface for all Kea servers and the agent.
{
"Netconf":
{
# Control flags can be defined in the global scope or
# in a managed server scope. Precedences are:
# - use the default value (true)
# - use the global value
# - use the local value.
# So this overwrites the default value:
"boot-update": false,

# This map specifies how each server is managed. For each server there
# is a name of the YANG model to be used and the control channel.
//
# Currently three control channel types are supported:
# "stdout" which outputs the configuration on the standard output,
# "unix" which uses the local control channel supported by the
# "dhcp4" and "dhcp6" servers ("d2" support is not yet available),
# and "http" which uses the Control Agent "ca" to manage itself or
# to forward commands to "dhcp4" or "dhcp6".
"managed-servers":
{
# This is how kea-netconf can communicate with the DHCPv4 server.
"dhcp4":
{
"comment": "DHCP4 server",
"model": "kea-dhcp4-server",
"control-socket":
{
"socket-type": "unix",
"socket-name": "/tmp/kea4-ctrl-socket"
}
},

# DHCPv6 parameters.
"dhcp6":
{
"model": "kea-dhcp6-server",
"control-socket":
{
"socket-type": "unix",
"socket-name": "/tmp/kea6-ctrl-socket"
}
},

# Currently the DHCP-DDNS (nicknamed D2) server does not support
# a command channel.
"d2":
{
"model": "kea-dhcp-ddns",
"control-socket":
{
"socket-type": "stdout",
"user-context": { "in-use": false }
}
},

# Of course the Control Agent (CA) supports HTTP.
"ca":
{
"model": "kea-ctrl-agent",
"control-socket":
{
"socket-type": "http",
"socket-url": "http://127.0.0.1:8000/"
}
}
},

# kea-netconf is able to load hooks libraries that augment its operation.
# Currently there are no hook points defined in kea-netconf
# processing.
"hooks-libraries": [
# The hooks libraries list may contain more than one library.
{
# The only necessary parameter is the library filename.
"library": "/opt/local/netconf-commands.so",

# Some libraries may support parameters. Make sure you
# type this section carefully, as kea-netconf does not
# validate it (because the format is library-specific).
"parameters": {
"param1": "foo"
}
}
],

# Similar to other Kea components, NETCONF also uses logging.
"loggers": [
{
"name": "kea-netconf",
"output_options": [
{
"output": "/var/log/kea-netconf.log",
# Several additional parameters are possible in
# addition to the typical output.
# Flush determines whether logger flushes output
#  to a file.
# Maxsize determines maximum filesize before
# the file is being rotated.
# Maxver specifies the maximum number of
#  rotated files being kept.
"flush": true,
"maxsize": 204800,
"maxver": 4
}
],
"severity": "INFO",
"debuglevel": 0
}
]
}
}


## 21.8. Starting and Stopping the NETCONF Agent¶

kea-netconf accepts the following command-line switches:

• -c file - specifies the configuration file.
• -d - specifies whether the agent logging should be switched to debug/verbose mode. In verbose mode, the logging severity and debuglevel specified in the configuration file are ignored and “debug” severity and the maximum debuglevel (99) are assumed. The flag is convenient for temporarily switching the server into maximum verbosity, e.g. when debugging.
• -t file - specifies the configuration file to be tested. Kea-netconf attempts to load it and conducts sanity checks; note that certain checks are possible only while running the actual server. The actual status is reported with exit code (0 = configuration looks ok, 1 = error encountered). Kea will print out log messages to standard output and error to standard error when testing configuration.
• -v - displays the version of kea-netconf and exits.
• -V - displays the extended version information for kea-netconf and exits. The listing includes the versions of the libraries dynamically linked to Kea.
• -W - displays the Kea configuration report and exits. The report is a copy of the config.report file produced by ./configure; it is embedded in the executable binary.

## 21.9. A Step-by-Step NETCONF Agent Operation Example¶

Note

Copies of example configurations presented within this section can be found in the Kea source code, under doc/examples/netconf/kea-dhcp6-operations.

### 21.9.1. Setup of NETCONF Agent Operation Example¶

The test box has an Ethernet interface named eth1. On some systems it is possible to rename interfaces, for instance on a Linux with an ens38 interface:

# ip link set down dev ens38
# ip link set name eth1 dev ens38
# ip link set up dev eth1


The interface must have an address in the test prefix:

# ip -6 addr add 2001:db8::1/64 dev eth1


The Kea DHCPv6 server must be launched with the configuration specifying a control socket used to receive control commands. The kea-netconf process uses this socket to communicate with the DHCPv6 server, i.e. it pushes translated configurations to that server using control commands. The following is the example control socket specification for the Kea DHCPv6 server:

{
"Dhcp6": {
"control-socket": {
"socket-type": "unix",
"socket-name": "/tmp/kea6-sock"
}
}
}


In order to launch the Kea DHCPv6 server using the configuration contained within the boot.json file, run:

# kea-dhcp6 -d -c boot.json


The current configuration of the server can be fetched via control socket by running:

# echo '{ "command": "config-get" }' | socat UNIX:/tmp/kea6-sock '-,ignoreeof'


The following is the example netconf.json configuration for kea-netconf, to manage the Kea DHCPv6 server:

{
"Netconf":
{
"managed-servers":
{
"dhcp6":
{
"control-socket":
{
"socket-type": "unix",
"socket-name": "/tmp/kea6-sock"
}
}
},

"loggers":
[
{
"name": "kea-netconf",
"output_options":
[
{
"output": "stderr"
}
],
"severity": "DEBUG",
"debuglevel": 99
}
]
}
}


Note that in production there should not be a need to log at the DEBUG level.

The Kea NETCONF agent is launched by:

# kea-netconf -d -c netconf.json


Now that both kea-netconf and kea-dhcp6 are running, it is possible to populate updates to the configuration to the DHCPv6 server. The following is the configuration extracted from startup.xml:

<config xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:kea-dhcp6-server">
<subnet6>
<id>1</id>
<pool>
<prefix>2001:db8::1:0/112</prefix>
</pool>
<subnet>2001:db8::/64</subnet>
</subnet6>
<interfaces-config>
<interfaces>eth1</interfaces>
</interfaces-config>
<control-socket>
<socket-name>/tmp/kea6-sock</socket-name>
<socket-type>unix</socket-type>
</control-socket>
</config>


To populate this new configuration:

# sysrepocfg -d startup -f xml -i startup.xml kea-dhcp6-server


kea-netconf pushes the configuration found in the Sysrepo startup datastore to all Kea servers during its initialization phase, after it subscribes to module changes in the Sysrepo running datastore. This action copies the configuration from the startup datastore to the running datastore and enables the running datastore, making it available.

Changes to the running datastore are applied after validation to the Kea servers. Note that they are not by default copied back to the startup datastore, i.e. changes are not permanent.

### 21.9.2. Error Handling in NETCONF Operation Example¶

There are four classes of issues with the configurations applied via NETCONF:

1. The configuration does not comply with the YANG schema.
2. The configuration cannot be translated from YANG to the Kea JSON.
3. The configuration is rejected by the Kea server.
4. The configuration was validated by the Kea server but cannot be applied.

In the first case, consider the following BAD-schema.xml configuration file:

<config xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:kea-dhcp6-server">
<subnet4>
<id>1</id>
<pool>
<prefix>2001:db8::1:0/112</prefix>
</pool>
<subnet>2001:db8::/64</subnet>
</subnet6>
<interfaces-config>
<interfaces>eth1</interfaces>
</interfaces-config>
<control-socket>
<socket-name>/tmp/kea6-sock</socket-name>
<socket-type>unix</socket-type>
</control-socket>
</config>


It is directly rejected by sysrepocfg:

# sysrepocfg -d running -f xml -i BAD-schema.xml kea-dhcp6-server


In the second case, the configuration is rejected by kea-netconf. For example, consider this BAD-translator.xml file:

<config xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:kea-dhcp6-server">
<subnet6>
<id>1</id>
<pool>
<prefix>2001:db8::1:0/112</prefix>
</pool>
<subnet>2001:db8::/64</subnet>
</subnet6>
<interfaces-config>
<interfaces>eth1</interfaces>
</interfaces-config>
<control-socket>
<socket-name>/tmp/kea6-sock</socket-name>
<socket-type>unix</socket-type>
</control-socket>
</config>


In the third case, the configuration is presented to the Kea DHCPv6 server and fails to validate as in this BAD-config.xml file:

<config xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:kea-dhcp6-server">
<subnet6>
<id>1</id>
<pool>
<prefix>2001:db8:1::0/112</prefix>
</pool>
<subnet>2001:db8::/64</subnet>
</subnet6>
<interfaces-config>
<interfaces>eth1</interfaces>
</interfaces-config>
<control-socket>
<socket-name>/tmp/kea6-sock</socket-name>
<socket-type>unix</socket-type>
</control-socket>
</config>


In the last case, the misconfiguration is detected too late and the change must be reverted in Sysrepo, e.g. using the startup datastore as a backup. For this reason, please use the sysrepocfg --permanent / -p option (or any similar feature of NETCONF clients) with care.

### 21.9.3. NETCONF Operation Example with Two Pools¶

This example adds a second pool to the initial (i.e. startup) configuration in the twopools.xml file:

<config xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:kea-dhcp6-server">
<subnet6>
<id>1</id>
<pool>
<prefix>2001:db8::1:0/112</prefix>
</pool>
<pool>
<prefix>2001:db8::2:0/112</prefix>
</pool>
<subnet>2001:db8::/64</subnet>
</subnet6>
<interfaces-config>
<interfaces>eth1</interfaces>
</interfaces-config>
<control-socket>
<socket-name>/tmp/kea6-sock</socket-name>
<socket-type>unix</socket-type>
</control-socket>
</config>


This configuration is installed by:

# sysrepocfg -d running -f xml -i twopools.xml kea-dhcp6-server


### 21.9.4. NETCONF Operation Example with Two Subnets¶

This example specifies two subnets in the twosubnets.xml file:

<config xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:kea-dhcp6-server">
<subnet6>
<id>1</id>
<pool>
<prefix>2001:db8:1::/112</prefix>
</pool>
<subnet>2001:db8:1::/64</subnet>
</subnet6>
<subnet6>
<id>2</id>
<pool>
<prefix>2001:db8:2::/112</prefix>
</pool>
<subnet>2001:db8:2::/64</subnet>
</subnet6>
<interfaces-config>
<interfaces>eth1</interfaces>
</interfaces-config>
<control-socket>
<socket-name>/tmp/kea6-sock</socket-name>
<socket-type>unix</socket-type>
</control-socket>
</config>


This configuration is installed by:

# sysrepocfg -d running -f xml -i twosubnets.xml kea-dhcp6-server


### 21.9.5. NETCONF Operation Example with Logging¶

This example adds a logger entry to the initial (i.e. startup) configuration in the logging.xml file:

<config xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:kea-dhcp6-server">
<interfaces-config>
<interfaces>eth1</interfaces>
</interfaces-config>
<subnet6>
<id>1</id>
<pool>
<prefix>2001:db8::1:0/112</prefix>
</pool>
<subnet>2001:db8::/64</subnet>
</subnet6>
<control-socket>
<socket-name>/tmp/kea6-sock</socket-name>
<socket-type>unix</socket-type>
</control-socket>
<logger>
<name>kea-dhcp6</name>
<output-option>
<output>stderr</output>
</output-option>
<debuglevel>99</debuglevel>
<severity>DEBUG</severity>
</logger>
</config>


The corresponding Kea configuration in JSON is:

{
"Dhcp6": {
"control-socket": {
"socket-name": "/tmp/kea6-sock",
"socket-type": "unix"
},
"interfaces-config": {
"interfaces": [ "eth1" ]
},
"subnet6": [
{
"id": 1,
"pools": [
{
"pool": "2001:db8::1:0/112"
}
],
"subnet": "2001:db8::/64"
}
],
"loggers": [
{
"name": "kea-dhcp6",
"output_options": [
{
"output": "stderr"
}
],
"severity": "DEBUG",
"debuglevel": 99
}
]
}
}


Finally, any of the previous examples can be replayed using sysrepocfg in edit mode as follows:

# sysrepocfg -d running -f xml -e vi kea-dhcp6-server


or, of course, using a NETCONF client like netopeer2-cli from the Netopeer2 NETCONF Toolset.